How to Install Pavers


Basic Installation of Pavers for the Beginner

Pavers are a great option if you have a section of your property you want to access without trapsing mud and grass through your home. Whether you have a shed at the back of the yard, a clothesline at the side of your house, a spa and pool or you simply want to add an interesting feature to your property then pavers may just be the solution.

Pavers come in a variety of shapes, sizes, colours and of course price. They will definitely contribute a special look to the landscape with whatever type of pavers you choose. Although, it is not a project that you can finish within a day and requires patience and attention to detail  with patience and creativity, installing pavers will be such a breeze and interesting project to do. Here are the steps on how to install pavers.This guide will give you the tools you need to get started on your very first paving job.

You will need:

  • Edge restraints
  • Pavers
  • Crushed stone or processed gravel
  • 12 inch spikes
  • 2 by 4 inch board
  • Table saw with diamond blade
  • Broom
  • Plate compactor
  • Coarse sand
  • Wood strips or plastic piping
  • Edge restraints


  1. First, excavate the area where you want to install the pavers with the size of 7 to 9 inches deep for walkways and patios, or 9 to 11 inches for driveways. You should dig at least  12 inches wider than the intended paved area.
  2. Place the crushed stone or processed gravel to form a base. Add in layers to form 3 inches to 3 ½ inches of base from the top of the excavated area. For patio and walkways, the base should be around 6 to 8 inches deep and for driveway about 8 to 12 inches. For every foot in one direction, slope 1/8 inch to allow better water drainage.
  3. To shape the area where you plan to pave, install aluminum, plastic or steel edge. Secure the shaping with 12 inch spikes nailed into the ground.
  4. In case you need to reset, do not pound the spikes down to the ground fully to secure the edge restraints until you have the desired shape. In order to create your desired shape for the paved area, cut the restraints as you needed.
  5. For rails to set 6 to 8 feet apart, use strips of wood or piping. Pack the sand underneath to adjust the height and then pack the sand around the rails to secure into place.
  6. Pour the sand between the rails until the sand is slightly higher. Smooth the surface with a 2 by 4-inch board. Fill in low spots and repeat the same process. Remove the rails before filing in the sand into the indentations. Trowel to smooth the surface.
  7. Set the pavers, according to your desired pattern, on the walkway, driveway or patio. Use a table saw with a diamond blade to cut where needed.
  8. Press the pavers into the sand bed with a plate compactor. Sweep dry the sand into gaps between the compact and pavers.

It is best to start your paving at the outer edge and work your way in. So, don’t step on it while laying the pavers and walk on or wet the sand level once it has been smooth out.

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